Tristel at home
We all know about
But they are not only found in
hospitals. They are found in
the home too. Tristel’s range
of cleaning products for the
home and baby, kills what
other disinfectants can’t, so
you can have peace of mind
What is Flu?
Flu (influenza) is a very common infection of the upper
respiratory tract (nose, throat, ears and sinuses).
What causes Flu?
Flu is caused by the influenza virus. There are three major
types: A (often the cause of flu epidemics), B and C. The flu
virus is constantly changing its structure, so new strains
appear each year. The infection is contagious, passed on
by tiny droplets and hand contact. We don't have immunity to
the new strains, which is why we can catch flu repeatedly.
What are the symptoms of Flu?
A high fever (usually 39ºC or above), chills, headache,
intense muscle pains, exhaustion, loss of appetite, cough
and sometimes a blocked nose and sore throat. It may last a
week or more.
How is the infection treated?
These are the best ways to treat the symptoms of flu:
• Take plenty of rest because the body uses a lot of energy
• Keep warm
• Make sure you drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration
• Take paracetamol or anti-inflammatory medicines such as
ibuprofen to lower a high temperature and relieve
headaches and muscles aches
• Drink hot water with lemon, ginger and honey
• Antibiotics are no use to treat flu because it’s caused by a
Specific antiviral treatments for flu are available, but
generally these are only given to those at high risk of flu
How can I keep from getting flu?
The best way to avoid getting flu is to strengthen your
immune system by eating a healthy diet, taking regular
exercise, getting enough rest and relaxation, and not
smoking. You should also avoid people who are coughing
and sneezing, especially if they're not covering their mouth
Should I get vaccinated?
The UK has a safe and effective vaccination against flu,
which is provided free by the NHS. It's recommended for
people at greatest risk of harm from the flu virus.
People who are advised to have a flu vaccination include:
• Everyone over the age of 65
• Everyone aged six months or over who has lung disease
(such as asthma), heart disease, kidney disease, liver
disease, diabetes or lowered immunity
• Anyone living in a residential or nursing home
• People caring for those at risk of flu complications
Those most at risk are advised to have a vaccination every
year. This is because the flu virus changes slightly every
year. Scientists work hard to predict the strains of flu virus
and develop vaccines against them.
Despite popular belief, flu vaccination can't give someone
flu as it doesn't contain the active virus. It's true some people
experience symptoms of a heavy cold at the same time or
just after they've had the flu jab. This is simply a coincidence
and the symptoms are usually caused by one of the many
common cold viruses around in autumn and winter.
Remember, it's still possible to catch heavy colds after
vaccination, as the flu jab only protects people from the flu
virus, not other viruses.
The flu vaccination is usually available from around October
each year. Anyone who thinks they need it should talk to
their GP or practice nurse.
For more information about preventing Flu take a look at the
NHS Website. It also details who is eligible for free
seasonal flu jabs.
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